14:00 - 14:45: Viajando pelo interior de um Chip - by Ricardo Reis
Uma maneira importante de compreender o funcionamento de circuitos e sistemas computacionais e eletrônicos, é analisar como estes circuitos e sistemas foram implementados. Faremos uma viagem pelo interior de diversos chips, mostrando soluções do nível físico ao nível de sistema, soluções estas observadas através da engenharia reversa de microprocessadores, como o Z8000, e que não são descritas na literatura. Também mostrando o uso de visualização para entender o funcionamento de algoritmos e ferramentas de EDA para a síntese física.
14:45 - 15:00: How to feed a growing population while conserving the planet's resources - IoT to the Rescue - by Victor Grimblatt
The world population is growing and according to FAO (United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization), agriculture production should increase by 70% by 2050. On the other hand, it is also well known that agriculture is dramatically impacting the 9 planetary boundaries defined by Johan Rockström and his group in 2009. So we are facing a big dilemma, how to improve the productivity of the soil without impacting the planet and its limits.
The growth of crops depends on several parameters such as soil moisture, soil temperature, nutrients (fertilizers), soil pH, soil salinity, etc. Without having an online measurement (real-time) of those parameters we will probably be able to get products from the ground, however, we are not taking in account what are the impact of what we are doing and the way we are making agriculture. With the appropriate sensors and IoT we are able not only to know the level of the parameters already mentioned but also to act based on the results. This talk will present an IoT approach to measure relevant parameters for crop growth and health while keeping the planet safe. It will also cover the need and design of edge computing for this kind of IoT application.