Chaotic dynamics is widely used to design pseudo-random number generators and for other applications, such as secure communications and encryption. This paper aims to study the dynamics of the discrete-time chaotic maps in the digital (i.e., finite-precision) domain. Differing from the traditional approaches treating a digital chaotic map as a black box with different explanations according to the test results of the output, the dynamical properties of such chaotic maps are first explored with a fixed-point arithmetic, using the Logistic map and the Tent map as two representative examples, from a new perspective with the corresponding state-mapping networks (SMNs). In an SMN, every possible value in the digital domain is considered as a node and the mapping relationship between any pair of nodes is a directed edge. The scale-free properties of the Logistic map's SMN are proved. The analytic results are further extended to the scenario of floating-point arithmetic and for other chaotic maps. Understanding the network structure of a chaotic map's SMN in digital computers can facilitate counteracting the undesirable degeneration of chaotic dynamics in finite-precision domains, also helping to classify and improve the randomness of pseudo-random number sequences generated by iterating the chaotic maps.