A Four Quadrant S2I Switched-Current Multiplier

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1 July 1998

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The analysis, design, and implementation of a two-step current-sampling switched-current (S/sup 2/I) multiplier is presented. The S/sup 2/I technique has been employed to compensate analog errors due to charge injection as well as those arising from the finite output impedance. A thorough circuit analysis investigating the offset sources of the S/sup 2/I cell and of the multiplier's nonlinearities sets up the platform to effectively design the multiplier and to avoid the use of feedback, or cascode techniques, to deal with channel modulation effects. The multiplier has been implemented using a 2-/spl mu/m n-well MOSIS CMOS technology. Experimental results are in agreement with the theoretical findings. The following are brief highlights of the measurement results: (1) 0.425 millions of multiplications per second; (2) 1.7% total harmonic distortion for a sinusoidal of 35-/spl mu/A (50 Hz); (3) 206 kHz of bandwidth; (4) 50 dB of SNR; and (5) 0.3-mW zero input power consumption for a /spl plusmn/3-V power supply. A complete set of detailed experimental results is provided in the paper.