Low-power Analog, RF Design Using Current Mode Techniques


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This talk will cover principles and application of current mode design techniques for ultra low power transceivers/signal generators. Current mode design techniques are becoming popular in recent times due to emergence of beamforming and AI/ML applications. In this talk, a few novel constructs for current mode designs shall be presented that are implemented using 14nm CMOS FinFET technology for qubit state controller (QSC) used for next generation quantum computing applications. The QSC includes an augmented general-purpose digital processor that supports waveform generation and phase rotation operations combined with a low power current-mode single sideband upconversion I/Q mixer-based RF arbitrary waveform generator (AWG). Implemented in 14nm CMOS FinFET technology, the QSC generates control signals in its target 4.5GHz to 5.5 GHz frequency range, achieving an SFDR > 50dB for a signal bandwidth of 500MHz. With the controller operating in the 4K stage of a cryostat and connected to a transmon qubit in the cryostat’s millikelvin stage, measured transmon T1 and T2 coherence times were 75.7μs and 73μs, respectively, in each case comparable to results achieved using conventional room temperature controls. In further tests with transmons, a qubit-limited error rate of 7.76x10-4 per Clifford gate is achieved, again comparable to results achieved using room temperature controls. The QSC’s maximum RF output power is -18 dBm, and power dissipation per qubit under active control is 23mW.